Muslims not searching the truth for themselves
The Quran encourages Muslims to search for truth.
The Quran does not condemn dialogue between Muslims and believers of other religions. It tells Muslims that when someone tells you to believe something other than what the Quran says, Muslims should just ask them to show proof.
Surah 2:111. And they say: “None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian.” Those are their (vain) desires. Say: “Produce your proof if ye are truthful.”
Surah 27:64. Or, Who originates creation, then repeats it, and who gives you sustenance from heaven and earth? (Can there be another) god besides Allah. Say, “Bring forth your argument, if ye are telling the truth!”
This is a very commendable attitude that the Quran instils in Muslims. Since it is a stated instruction in the Quran, Muslims should abide by this standard and not take offense when non-Muslims looks for evidence or questions the authenticity of the Quran.
Both the Quran and the Bible professes to contain the words of God. Which one is indeed the word of God? A document can convince us that it is the word of God if it contains all these characteristics.
It contains things that only God can reveal e.g. foreknowledge of science and fulfilled prophecies.
It has to be factually correct. A document that contains errors in its content cannot be the word of God.
We will examine the Quran and the Bible against all these criteria.
Can every Muslim determine the literary excellence of the Quran?
Muslims claim that Muhammad is a prophet with a universal message and expect everybody to believe this, but the authentication for the message is claimed to be the “literary miracle” of the Qur’an which supposedly nobody can appreciate who has not reached a highly sophisticated knowledge of the (classical) Arabic language. If anybody else finds that these claims don’t make sense then the answer is all too often: “Well, if only you could understand Arabic, then you would see the miracle and you too would believe.”
It is impossible to reach a high proficiency in any foreign language without investing several years of hard work in it.
The miracles of all the earlier prophets in the Bible were an authentication which was the same for everbody. Healing people, prophecies about historical events, parting the Red Sea, the raising of dead people, etc … all these authenticating evidences stay the same in whatever language they are translated.
The religion protects itself against critical evaluation and therefore make it basically impossible to scrutinize them in a search for truth.
A further remark: I have even seen one more stage of this, used for those who indeed know sufficient Arabic [there are after all a good number of Arab Christians, either from Christian families or converts from Islam]. Then the reasoning includes that “you are reading it with the wrong attitude” and the beauty and truth of the Qur’an only discloses itself to those which approach it in humble acceptance. With that, every critique is “successfully” countered. The problem is that this argument works for each and every religion, is hence useless, and clearly is the descent into utter subjectivity.
Principle of abrogation rules out possibility of internal contradictions.
Jesus is supposed to have relaxed some of these restrictions and muhammad Muøammad himself relaxed some (quran QurŸån 3.50, 4.160, 5.90, 91).
Using man-made Islamic law to explain away difficulties in the Quran.
Eg inheritance law
Applying different standards when testing the Bible and Quran