Ecclesiastes – Purpose in life

Books of the Old Testament
Background A common view among scholars is that Solomon was the author of the book Ecclesiastes. The author was blessed with much wealth, wisdom and glory. From this pinnacle, he surveyed life and judged it to be vanity. Since life is vanity, what then is good? The author goes on to describe only two things in life which he thinks to be worth living for. In the book of Ecclesiastes, we will study what the Bible teaches to be the appropriate purpose in life. If we learn this early in life, we would be saving years of wasted effort. People move around hastily, driving quickly just to save a few minutes every day. But these same people will not stop to think if they are living their lives correctly so…
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Ruth – Blessing to others

Books of the Old Testament
Background and theme The story starts with a lady called Naomi who went to a foreign country to escape the famine in her country. There, her husband and two sons died and left her alone with her two daughter-in-laws, Ruth and Orpah. Naomi persuaded both of them to start their lives afresh. Orpah took the advice and left Naomi but Ruth decided to stay on an be a blessing to her. Her famous reply to Naomi is our key verse for this study. (Ruth 1:16-17 NIV) But Ruth replied, "Don't urge me to leave you or to turn back from you. Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay. Your people will be my people and your God my God. {17} Where you die I…
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Deuteronomy – Wholeheartedness

Books of the Old Testament
Background The book of Deuteronomy consists of three sermons that Moses preached to the Jews just when they were about to enter the promised land. Theme The key phrase of this book is 'with all your heart and with all your soul'. This phrase is used a total of nine times in this book and teaches us how we should respond towards God. God is the number one being in the universe. He accepts no less than our all. He hates any kind of lukewarm and half-hearted response from man. How are we to show our best to God? Love the Lord with all your heart Deu 6:5 Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. Mat 22:37 Jesus…
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Ezekiel – forgetting God

Books of the Old Testament
Background The book of Ezekiel describes the life of the prophet Ezekiel's life and ministry beginning with his call to be a prophet for Israel (chapters 1 - 3). Ezekiel preached about the impending siege and destruction of Jerusalem (chapters 4 - 24) because of the people's idolatry. He also speaks to the surrounding nations and prophesied that God will judge them for their sins as well (chapters 25 - 32). The book concludes with a message of hope, as Ezekiel proclaims the faithfulness of God and foretells the future blessings for God's people (chapters 33- 48). Theme Forgetting God Key Verse (Ezek 23:35 NIV) "Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: Since you have forgotten me and thrust me behind your back, you must bear the consequences of…
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Wisdom from the Proverbs

Books of the Old Testament
​The walk of the Christian is to be with wisdom as we go through life. (Eph 5:15-17 NIV) Be very careful, then, how you live--not as unwise but as wise, {16} making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil. {17} Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the Lord's will is. Much wisdom that a Christian needs for life can be found in one book alone – the book of Proverbs. The first six verses of this book tells us it was written with the intention of teaching us wisdom. (Prov 1:1-6 NIV) The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel: {2} for attaining wisdom and discipline; for understanding words of insight; {3} for acquiring a disciplined and prudent life, doing what is right…
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1 Samuel – Pressure

Books of the Old Testament
Background The book of 1 Samuel records the life of Samuel, Israel's last judge; the reign and decline of Saul, Israel's first king, and the choice and preparation of David, Israel's greatest king. Born in answer to barren Hannah's tearful prayer (1 Sam. 1:10), Samuel was dedicated to the Lord before his birth (1:11) as a "loan" for all his life (1:28; 2:20). Eli raised Samuel at the Shiloh sanctuary (1 Sam. 2:11). Samuel met God and received his first prophetic mission as a young lad (1 Sam. 3:1,11-14). Following the death of Eli and his sons, Israel experienced twenty years (1 Sam. 7:2) of national sin and Philistine oppression. Samuel reemerged in the role of judge, calling Israel to repentance and delivering them from foreign domination. Theme We are…
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Nahum – God our Protector

Books of the Old Testament
Background Nahum preached during the reign of King Manesseh, one of the most evil kings in Judah’s history, who later turned to God. During that time, the nation indulged in all kinds of idolatry and completely turned its back on God. Nonetheless, God protected His people from being totally destroyed by sin. His willingness to send Nahum, whose name means “comfort,” into such a hopeless situation is evidence of His unrelenting and overwhelming grace. Key Verse Nahum 1:7 The Lord is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him… God protects those who trusts Him Nahum 1:7 The Lord is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him… This verse tells us that God will be…
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2 Chronicles – Humility

Books of the Old Testament, Fruit of the Spirit
2 Chronicles - Humility Background The first part of the book talks about the reign of Solomon. In response to Solomon's request, God granted him much wisdom. During his reign, he launched many great building projects, including his greatest achievement, the Temple of God. In the midst of the temple dedication, fire flashes down from heaven and God's glory filled the temple. After Solomon's death, the northern tribes revolt and the nation of Israel splits apart. The remainder of 2 Chronicles recount the alternating periods of apostasy and reform in Judah. In the end, Judah would not repent and the tragic result was a 70-year captivity in Babylon. Theme (2 Chronicles 7:14 NIV) if my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my…
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1 Chronicles – Building God’s house

Books of the Old Testament
Background Ezra is the author of both 1 and 2 Chronicles according to tradition. The book of 1 Chronicles contains stories which have already been presented in some way in 1 and 2 Kings. Both the Northern and Southern kingdoms submitted to David's kingdom, thus uniting all Israel under him. After defeating the Philistines, David sought to move the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem, succeeding on his second attempt. He then began plans to build a temple but learned from Nathan, the prophet, that he would instead build a dynasty with eternal dimensions and that God intended his son, Solomon to build the Temple instead. Theme (1 Chronicles 17:1 NIV) After David was settled in his palace, he said to Nathan the prophet, "Here I am, living in a…
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Zechariah – God’s Restoration

Books of the Old Testament
Background The book of Zechariah may be seen as a flipside of the coin to the book of Zephaniah. While the latter warns us that if we do not repent we will be punished, the former tells us that if we repent God will restore us. Zechariah means “Yahweh remembers”. The book is filled with the hope that God would remember His promises to His people, even after they have been exiled for so many years. Key Verse Zechariah 1:3 Therefore tell the people: This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘Return to me,’ declares the Lord Almighty, ‘and I will return to you,’ says the Lord Almighty. God punishes us for a limited time only Zech 1:16 “Therefore this is what the Lord says: ‘I will return to Jerusalem…
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